The Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) is a major political party in the Republic of China, commonly known as Taiwan. It is the dominant party in the Pan-Green Coalition. It has traditionally been associated with strong advocacy of human rights and a distinct Taiwanese identity, including promotion of de jure Taiwan independence. Its present chair is Tsai Ing-wen.
The DPP is a member of Liberal International and a founding member of the Council of Asian Liberals and Democrats. It represented Taiwan in the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organisation. The DPP and its affiliated parties are widely classified as "liberal" because of their strong human rights stance and endorsement of pluralistic democracy while their opposition, historically taking a defensive posture on such issues, is generally viewed as "conservative." In Taiwan, though, these classifications carry nuances that may not be characteristic of them elsewhere. The DPP, for example, endorses strong military defence for Taiwan, for example, while the "conservative" KMT is often criticised for being too indulgent of China's Communist leaders. Discussion of left-right politics is rare in Taiwan. The mass media rarely mention the existence of a political spectrum, as each network and news source tends to take an openly partisan stand.