Detail, Madonna del Cardellino 1505-1506, Raffaello Sanzio. Oil on panel, 107 x 77 cm. Florence, Uffizi Gallery.
Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino (April 6 or March 28, 1483 - April 6, 1520), better known simply as Raphael, was an Italian painter and architect of the High Renaissance, celebrated for the perfection and grace of his paintings and drawings. Together with Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci, he forms the traditional trinity of great masters of that period.