Image of Karl der Grosse (Charlemagne) by Albrecht Dürer. With the coronation of Charlemagne as emperor in Aachen, Germany in the year 800, the empire of the Romans was transferred to the Franks. He expanded his Frankish kingdom into the most powerful in all of Europe, unified law and administration, and set educational reforms in motion. Originally the Empire included France, but by 962 France was excluded. The empire emerged as the “Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation”, a feudal association of numerous lands and regional authorities lasting into the 15th century. Material records of everyday life and the works of mediaeval art give us insight into the significance of religion and of the imperial church as well as into the hierarchically classbased society of the Middle Ages.