PT BOATS WW2 Hunters of the SEA! NAVY attack boat Poster
A PT boat (short for Patrol Torpedo boat) was a torpedo-armed fast attack craft used by the United States Navy in World War II. It was small, fast, and inexpensive to build, valued for its manoeuverability and speed but hampered by ineffective torpedoes, limited armament, temperamental aeroplane engines, and comparatively fragile construction that limited it to coastal waters. The PT boat was very different from the first generation of torpedo boat, which had been developed prior to World War I and featured a "displacement" hull. It rode low in the water, displaced up to 300 tons, and had a top speed of 25 to 27 kn (29 to 31 mph; 46 to 50 km/h). Instead, World War II PT boats exploited advances in planing hull design borrowed from offshore powerboat racing to reduce displacement to only 30–75 tons and increase top speed to 35 to 40 kn (40 to 46 mph; 65 to 74 km/h), with a corresponding improvement in mobility. During World War II, PT boats engaged enemy warships, transports, tankers, barges, and sampans. As gunboats they could be effective against enemy small craft, especially armoured barges used by the Japanese for inter-island transport.