The Last Supper / Última Cena by Leonardo da Vinci Canvas Print
Leonardo da Vinci The Last Supper / Última Cena poster print: According to Christian belief, The Last Supper is the final meal that Jesus Christ shared with his Twelve Apostles in Jerusalem before his crucifixion. The Last Supper provides the scriptural basis for the ceremony known as "the Eucharist", "communion" or "the Lord's Supper." Paul's First Epistle to the Corinthians is the earliest known mention of the Last Supper. It is later described in more detail in the Synoptic Gospels, and in the Gospel of John (which, however, omits the institution of the Eucharistic use of the bread and wine). According to Paul (1 Corinthians 11:23–26), at that meal Jesus, on the night he was betrayed or "delivered up", gave his disciples bread, saying it was his body, which was broken for them, and gave them wine, saying it was the new covenant in his blood, and told them to do it in his memory. In the Synoptic Gospels, Jesus institutes a new covenant of his blood and body, the wine and bread, at the Passover meal. The Gospel of John recounts, instead of the institution of this new covenant with wine and bread, Jesus' washing of the disciples' feet, and also depicts Jesus as speaking at length in his farewell discourse. In John, the Last Supper takes place on the night before Passover, the night before the Passover lambs were slaughtered. Scholars have looked to the Last Supper as the source of early Christian Eucharist traditions. Others see the account of the Last Supper as derived from 1st-century eucharistic practice as described by Paul in the mid-50s.